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Journalistic Standards In Nineteenth Century America

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Journalistic Standards in Nineteenth century America

Journalistic Standards in Nineteenth century America Book
Author : Hazel Dicken Garcia
Publisher : Univ of Wisconsin Press
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780299121747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the early nineteenth century, critics believed the press was destroying social structure—eroding law and order and the institutions of the family, religion, and education. To counter these effects they advocated, among other things, eradicating Sunday newspapers and “subversive” content such as news of crime, sex, and sporting events. Dicken-Garcia traces the relationship between societal values and the press coverage of issues and events. Setting out to tame the press by understanding it, she argues, critics had begun to dissect it. In the process, they articulated the rudiments of journalistic theory, and proposed what issues should be addressed by journalists, what functions should be undertaken, and what standards should be imposed.

American Journalism

American Journalism Book
Author : W. David Sloan,Lisa Mullikin Parcell
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2014-01-10
ISBN : 0786451556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

News consumers made cynical by sensationalist banners—“AMERICA STRIKES BACK,” “THE TERROR OF ANTHRAX”—and lurid leads might be surprised to learn that in 1690, the newspaper Publick Occurrences gossiped about the sexual indiscretions of French royalty or seasoned the story of missing children by adding that “barbarous Indians were lurking about” before the disappearance. Surprising, too, might be the media’s steady adherence to, if continual tugging at, its philosophical and ethical moorings. These 39 essays, written and edited by the nation’s leading professors of journalism, cover the theory and practice of print, radio, and TV news reporting. Politics and partisanship, press and the government, gender and the press corps, presidential coverage, war reportage, technology and news gathering, sensationalism: each subject is treated individually. Appropriate for interested lay persons, students, professors and reporters. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Edinburgh Companion to Nineteenth Century American Letters and Letter Writing

Edinburgh Companion to Nineteenth Century American Letters and Letter Writing Book
Author : Celeste-Marie Bernier
Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
Release : 2016-02-15
ISBN : 0748692940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This comprehensive study by leading scholars in an important new field-the history of letters and letter writing-is essential reading for anyone interested in nineteenth-century American politics, history or literature. Because of its mass literacy, population mobility, and extensive postal system, nineteenth-century America is a crucial site for the exploration of letters and their meanings, whether they be written by presidents and statesmen, scientists and philosophers, novelists and poets, feminists and reformers, immigrants, Native Americans, or African Americans. This book breaks new ground by mapping the voluminous correspondence of these figures and other important American writers and thinkers. Rather than treating the letter as a spontaneous private document, the contributors understand it as a self-conscious artefact, circulating between friends and strangers and across multiple genres in ways that both make and break social ties.

The Commercialization of News in the Nineteenth Century

The Commercialization of News in the Nineteenth Century Book
Author : Gerald J. Baldasty
Publisher : Univ of Wisconsin Press
Release : 1992-11-15
ISBN : 0299134040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Commercialization of News in the Nineteenth Century traces the major transformation of newspapers from a politically based press to a commercially based press in the nineteenth century. Gerald J. Baldasty argues that broad changes in American society, the national economy, and the newspaper industry brought about this dramatic shift. Increasingly in the nineteenth century, news became a commodity valued more for its profitablility than for its role in informing or persuading the public on political issues. Newspapers started out as highly partisan adjuncts of political parties. As advertisers replaced political parties as the chief financial support of the press, they influenced newspapers in directing their content toward consumers, especially women. The results were recipes, fiction, contests, and features on everything from sports to fashion alongside more standard news about politics. Baldasty makes use of nineteenth-century materials—newspapers from throughout the era, manuscript letters from journalists and politicians, journalism and advertising trade publications, government reports—to document the changing role of the press during the period. He identifies three important phases: the partisan newspapers of the Jacksonian era (1825-1835), the transition of the press in the middle of the century, and the influence of commercialization of the news in the last two decades of the century.

Journalism Standards of Work Today

Journalism Standards of Work Today Book
Author : Stephen A. Banning
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-09-02
ISBN : 1527559025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This research examines journalism ethics to answer the questions of whether we still need journalism ethics in the twenty-first century, if it is possible to exercise journalistic standards of work and, if so, on what values should these ethics be based in a world much different from that which existed when the first journalism codes of ethics were formulated in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. To distil the motivations and essence of the early journalistic standards of work, the book discusses the function of media in a democracy and the formation of mass media during the first industrial revolution, as well as its consequential change in journalists’ locus of control and how journalists self-identified. The sudden creation of mass media pushed some journalists to create ethical principles which would guide the newly empowered press, an effort which culminated in the creation of the first national code of journalistic ethics in 1923. The book closely examines the elements of the 1923 “Canons of Journalism”, finding them to contain timeless values, despite their original application to now dated technology. It highlights the basic elements and applies them to media today, in a way that interfaces with new technology without abandoning the essential components of equipping citizens for representative governance.

The Oxford Handbook of Nineteenth Century American Literature

The Oxford Handbook of Nineteenth Century American Literature Book
Author : Russ Castronovo
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-01-30
ISBN : 0199875642
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How do we approach the rich field of nineteenth-century American literature? How might we recalibrate the coordinates of critical vision and open up new areas of investigation? To answer such questions, this volume brings together 23 original essays written by leading scholars in American literary studies. By examining specific novels, poems, essays, diaries and other literary examples, the authors confront head-on the implications, scope, and scale of their analysis. The chapters foreground methodological concerns to assess the challenges of transnational perspectives, disability studies, environmental criticism, affect studies, gender analysis, and other cutting-edge approaches. The Oxford Handbook of Nineteenth-Century American Literature is thus both critically incisive and sharply practical, inviting attention to how readers read, how critics critique, and how interpreters interpret. It offers forceful strategies for rethinking protest novels, women's writing, urban literature, slave narratives, and popular fiction, just to name a few of the wide array of topics and genres covered. This volume, rather than surveying established ideas in studies of nineteenth-century American literature, registers what is happening now and anticipates what will shape the field's future.

The Opium Debate and Chinese Exclusion Laws in the Nineteenth Century American West

The Opium Debate and Chinese Exclusion Laws in the Nineteenth Century American West Book
Author : Diana L. Ahmad
Publisher : University of Nevada Press
Release : 2011-03-28
ISBN : 087417712X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

America’s current "war on drugs" is not the nation’s first. In the mid-nineteenth century, opium-smoking was decried as a major social and public health problem, especially in the West. Although China faced its own epidemic of opium addiction, only a very small minority of Chinese immigrants in America were actually involved in the opium business. It was in Anglo communities that the use of opium soon spread and this growing use was deemed a threat to the nation’s entrepreneurial spirit and to its growing mportance as a world economic and military power. The Opium Debate examines how the spread of opium-smoking fueled racism and created demands for the removal of the Chinese from American life. This meticulously researched study of the nineteenth-century drug-abuse crisis reveals the ways moral crusaders linked their antiopium rhetoric to already active demands for Chinese exclusion. Until this time, anti-Chinese propaganda had been dominated by protests against the economic and political impact of Chinese workers and the alleged role of Chinese women as prostitutes. The use of the drug by Anglos added another reason for demonizing Chinese immigrants. Ahmad describes the disparities between Anglo-American perceptions of Chinese immigrants and the somber realities of these people’s lives, especially the role that opium-smoking came to play in the Anglo-American community, mostly among middle- and upper-class women. The book offers a brilliant analysis of the evolution of the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, plus important insights into the social history of the nineteenth-century West, the culture of American Victorianism, and the rhetoric of racism in American politics.

The Evolution of American Investigative Journalism

The Evolution of American Investigative Journalism Book
Author : James L. Aucoin
Publisher : University of Missouri Press
Release : 2007-01-31
ISBN : 082621746X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Beginning with the first colonial newspaper, investigative reporting has provided American journalism with its most significant achievements and challenging controversies. Yet it was an ill-defined practice until the 1960s when it emerged as a potent voice in newspapers and on television news programs. In The Evolution of American Investigative Journalism, James L. Aucoin provides readers with the first comprehensive history of investigative journalism in the United States, including a thorough account of the founding and achievements of Investigative Reporters and Editors (IRE). Emerging investigative reporters and editors, as well as students and scholars of journalism history, will benefit from the detailed presentation and insightful discussion provided in this book.

Governing With the News Second Edition

Governing With the News  Second Edition Book
Author : Timothy E. Cook
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2012-08-06
ISBN : 022602668X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The ideal of a neutral, objective press has proven in recent years to be just that—an ideal. In Governing with the News, Timothy E. Cook goes far beyond the single claim that the press is not impartial to argue that the news media are in fact a political institution integral to the day-to-day operations of our government. This updated edition includes a new afterword by the author, which pays close attention to two key developments in the twenty-first century: the accelerating fragmentation of the mass media and the continuing decline of Americans' confidence in the press. "Provocative and often wise. . . . Cook, who has a complex understanding of the relationship between governing and the news, provides a fascinating account of the origins of this complicity."—James Bennet, Washington Monthly "[Governing with the News] addresses central issues of media impact and power in fresh, illuminating ways. . . . Cook mines a wealth of historical and organizational literature to assert that the news media are a distinct political institution in our democratic system."—Robert Schmuhl, Commonweal

Pistols Politics and the Press

Pistols  Politics and the Press Book
Author : Ryan Chamberlain
Publisher : McFarland
Release : 2009-01-22
ISBN : 0786452536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book argues that dueling should be looked at as a fundamental part of the history of journalism. By examining the nineteenth century Code Duello, the accepted standards under which a duel is conducted, the author explores the causes of combative responses involving journalists. Each chapter examines an aspect of the practice from the nineteenth century through the present, including the connections between the ritualized aggression of the past and the feuding among blog journalists today. A comprehensive bibliography as well as an overview of accepted practices under the Code of Honor as faced by nineteenth century journalists are provided.

Journalism and Realism

Journalism and Realism Book
Author : Thomas B. Connery
Publisher : Northwestern University Press
Release : 2011-07-30
ISBN : 0810127334
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A paradigm of actuality -- Searching for the real and actual -- Stirrings and roots: urban sketches and America's flaneur -- The storytellers -- Picturing the present -- Carving out the real -- Experiments in reality -- Documenting time and place.

Redefining Journalism in the Era of the Mass Press 1880 1920

Redefining Journalism in the Era of the Mass Press  1880 1920 Book
Author : John Steel,Marcel Broersma
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-02-02
ISBN : 1317217292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

At the turn of the 20th century, the significant social, political, and technological changes that were occurring in society also heralded new roles and functions for journalism as a profession and as an aspect of a burgeoning mass mediated society. Redefining Journalism in the Era of the Mass Press, 1880-1920 examines journalism’s roles, products, and practices during an era of rapid change and transformation, and how these changes within the field reflected broader social, political, economic, and technological changes. The era of the mass press was one within which the speed and impact of change both reflected and contributed to transformations in journalism – transformations that would endure until the rise of the Internet disrupted the field once again. This book was originally published as a special issue of Media History.

Journalistic Ethics

Journalistic Ethics Book
Author : Dale Jacquette
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-09-16
ISBN : 1315508834
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Journalistic Ethics: Moral Responsibility in the Media examines the moral rights and responsibilities of journalists to provide what Dale Jacquette calls “truth telling in the public interest.” With 31 case studies from contemporary journalistic practice, the book demonstrates the immediate practical implications of ethics for working journalists as well as for those who read or watch the news. This case-study approach is paired with a theoretical grounding, and issues include freedom of the press, censorship and withholding sensitive information for the greater public good, protection of confidential sources, journalistic respect for privacy, objectivity, perspective and bias, and editorial license and its obligations. This is a book for anyone who now works in journalism, or is considering a career as a journalist. It is also important groundwork for everyone who follows the day's events in newspapers, radio, television, or on the internet.

Journalism s Ethical Progression

Journalism s Ethical Progression Book
Author : Gwyneth Mellinger
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2019-12-15
ISBN : 1793601011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using case studies and historical analysis, this book traces changes in ways that journalists understood their ethical responsibilities during the pre-internet twentieth century. Each chapter in this book explores a historical development in the evolution of journalists’ perceptions of their role as professionals.

Journalism 1908

Journalism 1908 Book
Author : Betty Houchin Winfield
Publisher : University of Missouri Press
Release : 2008-09-03
ISBN : 082621813X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A team of media scholars with personal ties to the University of Missouri's School of Journalism explore the state of news organizations in 1908, the year in which the first university-based school of journalism was founded, and illustrate the profound impact journalism education has had on the news media"--Provided by publisher.

Encyclopedia of Journalism

Encyclopedia of Journalism Book
Author : Christopher H. Sterling
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2009-09-23
ISBN : 1452261520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Written in a clear and accessible style that would suit the needs of journalists and scholars alike, this encyclopedia is highly recommended for large news organizations and all schools of journalism." —Starred Review, Library Journal Journalism permeates our lives and shapes our thoughts in ways we′ve long taken for granted. Whether we listen to National Public Radio in the morning, view the lead story on the Today show, read the morning newspaper headlines, stay up-to-the-minute with Internet news, browse grocery store tabloids, receive Time magazine in our mailbox, or watch the nightly news on television, journalism pervades our daily activities. The six-volume Encyclopedia of Journalism covers all significant dimensions of journalism, including print, broadcast, and Internet journalism; U.S. and international perspectives; history; technology; legal issues and court cases; ownership; and economics. The set contains more than 350 signed entries under the direction of leading journalism scholar Christopher H. Sterling of The George Washington University. In the A-to-Z volumes 1 through 4, both scholars and journalists contribute articles that span the field′s wide spectrum of topics, from design, editing, advertising, and marketing to libel, censorship, First Amendment rights, and bias to digital manipulation, media hoaxes, political cartoonists, and secrecy and leaks. Also covered are recently emerging media such as podcasting, blogs, and chat rooms. The last two volumes contain a thorough listing of journalism awards and prizes, a lengthy section on journalism freedom around the world, an annotated bibliography, and key documents. The latter, edited by Glenn Lewis of CUNY Graduate School of Journalism and York College/CUNY, comprises dozens of primary documents involving codes of ethics, media and the law, and future changes in store for journalism education. Key Themes Consumers and Audiences Criticism and Education Economics Ethnic and Minority Journalism Issues and Controversies Journalist Organizations Journalists Law and Policy Magazine Types Motion Pictures Networks News Agencies and Services News Categories News Media: U.S. News Media: World Newspaper Types News Program Types Online Journalism Political Communications Processes and Routines of Journalism Radio and Television Technology

Invention of Journalism Ethics

Invention of Journalism Ethics Book
Author : Stephen J.A. Ward
Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release : 2005-02-08
ISBN : 077357638X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Does objectivity in the news media exist? In The Invention of Journalism Ethics Stephen Ward argues that, given the current emphasis on interpretation, analysis, and perspective, journalists and the public need a new theory of objectivity. He explores the varied ethical assertions of journalists over the past few centuries, focusing on the changing relationship between journalist and audience. This historical analysis leads to an innovative theory of pragmatic objectivity that enables journalists and the public to recognize and avoid biased and unbalanced reporting. Ward convincingly demonstrates that journalistic objectivity is not a set of absolute standards but the same fallible but reasonable objectivity used for making decisions in other professions and public institutions.

Sensationalism

Sensationalism Book
Author : David B. Sachsman
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-07-05
ISBN : 1351491466
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

David B. Sachsman and David W. Bulla have gathered a colourful collection of essays exploring sensationalism in nineteenth-century newspaper reporting. The contributors analyse the role of sensationalism and tell the story of both the rise of the penny press in the 1830s and the careers of specific editors and reporters dedicated to this particular journalistic style.Divided into four sections, the first, titled "The Many Faces of Sensationalism," provides an eloquent Defense of yellow journalism, analyses the place of sensational pictures, and provides a detailed examination of the changes in reporting over a twenty-year span. The second part, "Mudslinging, Muckraking, Scandals, and Yellow Journalism," focuses on sensationalism and the American presidency as well as why journalistic muckraking came to fruition in the Progressive Era.The third section, "Murder, Mayhem, Stunts, Hoaxes, and Disasters," features a ground-breaking discussion of the place of religion and death in nineteenth-century newspapers. The final section explains the connection between sensationalism and hatred. This is a must-read book for any historian, journalist, or person interested in American culture.

The Invention of Journalism Ethics

The Invention of Journalism Ethics Book
Author : Stephen John Anthony Ward
Publisher : McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0773546316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An innovative theory of pragmatic objectivity to guide journalism today.

A History of the International Movement of Journalists

A History of the International Movement of Journalists Book
Author : Kaarle Nordenstreng,Ulf Jonas Björk,Frank Beyersdorf,Svennik Høyer,Epp Lauk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-01-26
ISBN : 1137530553
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study presents a general history of how journalism as an emerging profession became internationally organized over the past one hundred and twenty years, seen mainly through the associations founded to promote the interests of journalists around the world.